Seed-saving method, Vegetables

Hot Chillies

Chillies are a great usage in the garden, wildlife and dishes!

Caring:

  1. Prune your chilli trees in early/late season. Look out for the two main branches on the chilli plant. The plant grows into a “Y” shape,  with a bottom stem and two main branches.
  2. Follow one main branch up from its base to the first small branch that shoots off to the side from it. Use sharp scissors/secateurs to clip off this branch.
  3. Then follow up the same main branch, counting three more side shoots. Snip off the third shoot you find. Continue cutting off every third side branch on the main branch, between outer and inner side branches.
  4. Clip every third side branch on the other main branch to even out the plant. The remaining plant will have more room for air to circulate and fewer peppers for the plant to concentrate its energy on.

Remember to always give the nutrition to your chillies otherwise you could have bitter chillies at the start. Just simply add in organic matter/mulch to the soil around the base stem of the chilli plant. This will boost up the potassium of the plant to produce you hot chillies you expecting!

Harvest:

Chillies can be eaten at any stage, even when they are immature, when they would be green, purple or cream colour. Mostly chillies will ripen to red or yellow colour. When you are ready to pick the chilli, gently pull and twist the chilli off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it/damage the rest of the plant.

Homemade Organic Pesticide Spray:

What you’ll need:

  • 1 head garlic (peeled)
  • 4 onions
  • 1 tablespoon chopped hot chillies
  • 2 tablespoons canola oil
  • 2 tablespoons dishwashing liquid

Preparation:

  1. Finely blend the garlic, onion and chillies with the oil and dishwashing liquid.
  2. Do cover it and let it set for 24 hours.
  3. Strain, seal and refrigerate.

To use:

Mix 1 tablespoon of the prepared mixture/oil per 1 litre of water and spray directly on insects and onto infected leaves, covering both sides.

This is effective for all the soft-bodied insects/pests such as aphids and whitefly, mites and small beetles too.

Other facts:

  • Chillies can be grown exactly as their parent plant/specie by ‘Seed-saving Method‘ and it FREE too!
  • Chillies can be grown in containers or raised beds. They adapt quite well if you give it medium maintenance.
  • Did you know that there are nearly 400 varieties of chillies.
  • In Zimbabwe the locals smear the chilli juice on the cloths to keep elephants away from destroying their farms. Elephants dislike the smell extremely!

 

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